Autobahn|Android Documentation

Autobahn|Android implements version 1 of WAMP.

This is incompatible with version 2 of WAMP which is already implemented in Autobahn|Python as well as Autobahn|JS

Migration of Autobahn|Android to WAMP v2 is coming, but we cannot guarantee a release date.

Autobahn|Android is an open-source networking library for Java/Android created by the Autobahn project that implements

for creating native mobile WebSocket/WAMP clients.

WebSocket allows bidirectional real-time messaging on the Web.

WAMP adds asynchronous Remote Procedure Calls and Publish & Subscribe for applications in one protocol.

WAMP is ideal for distributed, multi-client and server applications, such as multi-user database-drive business applications, sensor networks (IoT), instant messaging or MMOGs (massively multi-player online games) .

WebSocket

  • supports WebSocket RFC6455, Draft Hybi-10+ and WAMP v1
  • works on Android 2.2+
  • very good standards conformance
  • high-performance asynchronous design
  • easy to use API
  • seamless integration in Android UI apps
  • no (really none) network activity on UI thread
  • Open-source (Apache 2 license)

You can use Autobahn|Android to create native Android apps talking to WebSocket servers or any WAMP compatible server.

Here is a simple WebSocket echo client:

private final WebSocketConnection mConnection = new WebSocketConnection();

private void start() {

   final String wsuri = "ws://localhost:9000";

   try {
      mConnection.connect(wsuri, new WebSocketHandler() {

         @Override
         public void onOpen() {
            Log.d(TAG, "Status: Connected to " + wsuri);
            mConnection.sendTextMessage("Hello, world!");
         }

         @Override
         public void onTextMessage(String payload) {
            Log.d(TAG, "Got echo: " + payload);
         }

         @Override
         public void onClose(int code, String reason) {
            Log.d(TAG, "Connection lost.");
         }
      });
   } catch (WebSocketException e) {

      Log.d(TAG, e.toString());
   }
}

Complete Tutorial: WebSocket Echo Client

Web Application Messaging Protocol (WAMP)

Autobahn|Android also includes an implementation of the Web Application Messaging Protocol (WAMP) (version 1) which can be used to build applications around Remote Procedure Call and Publish & Subscribe messaging patterns.

It features:

  • RPC and PubSub, fully asynchronous design
  • built on JSON and WebSockets
  • simple, efficient and open protocol
  • automatic mapping to user-defined POJOs
  • seamless integration in Android UI apps
  • Open-Source, licensed under the Apache 2.0 license
  • Call results and events which travel the wire as JSON payload are automatically converted and mapped to Java primitive types or user-defined POJOs (Plain-old Java Objects).

The latter is a very convenient and powerful feature made possible by the use of Jackson, a high-performance JSON processor. This works even for container types, such as lists or maps over POJOs.

For example, it is possible to issue a RPC and get a List<Person> as a result, where Person is a user-defined class.

WAMP allows to develop real-time enabled apps based on asynchronous RPC and PubSub messaging patterns.

Here is a simple WAMP client calling a RPC endpoint and subscribing to a PubSub topic:

private final AutobahnConnection mConnection = new AutobahnConnection();

private void start() {

   final String wsuri = "ws://localhost:9000";

   mConnection.connect(wsuri, new Autobahn.SessionHandler() {

      @Override
      public void onOpen() {
         testRpc();
         testPubSub();
      }

      @Override
      public void onClose(int code, String reason) {
      }
   });
}

private void testRpc() {

   mConnection.call("http://example.com/calc#add",
                    Integer.class,
                    new Autobahn.CallHandler() {

                        @Override
                        public void onResult(Object result) {
                           int res = (Integer) result;
                           Log.d(TAG, "calc:add result = " + res);
                        }

                        @Override
                        public void onError(String error, String info) {
                        }
                    },
                    23, 55
   );
}

private static class MyEvent1 {
   public int num;
   public String name;
   public boolean flag;
   public Date created;
   public double rand;
}

private void testPubSub() {

   mConnection.subscribe("http://example.com/events#myevent1",
                         MyEvent1.class,
                         new Autobahn.EventHandler() {

                            @Override
                            public void onEvent(String topic, Object event) {

                               MyEvent1 evt = (MyEvent1) event;
                            }
                         }
   );
}

Complete Tutorials: WAMP RPC Client WAMP PubSub Client

You can use any Java basic type or POJO with RPC and PubSub and have i.e. PubSub event payloads automatically mapped to your POJOs.

If you like, get started, check out the Examples and - for complete information - the API reference.

Indices and tables

Autobahn|Android

Autobahn|Android is a subproject of Autobahn and provides open-source implementations of The WebSocket Protocol and the The Web Application Messaging Protocol (WAMP) in Java running on Android.